Parioli is a neighbourhood in Northern part of Rome. The name derives from the Monti Parioli, a series of tufa hills, and was given to the area before its incorporation into the city proper at the beginning of the 20th century. Some suggest that the name stems from "peraioli," as it was once the site of pear orchards.
The area extends approximately from Via Salaria and the end of Viale Regina Margherita, to the slope descending towards the Tiber and the Museum of Modern Art, found on the Viale delle Belle Arti. The other two sides are approximately delineated by Villa Borghese and Villa Ada. In the 19th century, Viale Regina Margherita was a tree-lined avenue that led from the neighborhood of the San Lorenzo district to the fields of Monti Parioli.